Country in the Middle East
Iran is an Islamic republic on the Persian Gulf with historical sites dating to the Persian Empire. Extensive marble ruins mark Persepolis, the empire’s capital founded by Darius I in the 6th century B.C. The modern capital, Tehran, is home to opulent Golestan Palace, seat of the Qajar Dynasty (1794–1925), plus modern landmarks such as the 435m-high Milad Tower.
Population: 77.45 million (2013) World Bank
Supreme leader: Ali Khamenei
President: Hassan Rouhani
Currency: Iranian rial
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